A report released by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) suggested that the conflict in Mexico is the second deadliest in the world; after Syria. Its figures of 23,000 killed in Mexico during 2016 compares to 49,700 in Syria. While it is indeed true that Mexico has become more violent since the mid-2000s, it is important to note that somewhere between 50% and 60% of those 23,000 homicides in 2016 were the result of organized crime, but the remaining ones were common-law homicides. This fact was emphasized by Mexican authorities after the release of the IISS report, and they emphasized that both Brazil and Venezuela consistently have higher homicide rates, and that Brazil normally records more than 50,000 homicides each year; far exceeding the number in Mexico. In fact, Mexico typically ranks 25th with regard to homicide rate per capita. Mexico’s homicide rate is 16.4 per 100,000 residents, while Brazil is 25.2, Venezuela is 53.7, and Honduras is 90.4. In sum, while recognize that violence (and homicide in particular) is a serious problem in Mexico, this report compares apples to oranges and Mexican authorities were justified in their criticisms of it.